Revolutionary Observation Reveals Universal Characteristics of Supermassive Black Holes

New view of the magnetic fields surrounding the black hole in the Milky Way

In a groundbreaking discovery, researchers from the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) have captured polarized light for the first time to reveal powerful and organized spirals of magnetic fields emanating from the supermassive black hole Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*) at the center of our galaxy. The structure of these magnetic fields is strikingly similar to those observed around the black hole in M87, suggesting that strong magnetic fields may be a universal characteristic of all black holes.

This research, which involved over 300 scientists from various continents, was published in two articles in The Astrophysical Journal Letters. Scientists had previously unveiled the first image of Sgr A* in 2022, which showed similarities between this black hole and its counterpart in M87 despite being smaller and less massive. To further investigate these similarities, researchers decided to study Sgr A* using polarized light.

The observations suggest that magnetic fields surrounding Sgr A* may be enabling it to launch powerful jets of material, similar to what was observed in M87. This discovery sheds light on the structure and strength of magnetic fields near black holes and provides valuable insights into their feeding and expulsion mechanisms.

Imaging black holes with polarized light presents challenges, but this data suggests that strong magnetic fields may be a universal characteristic of these cosmic phenomena. While there is still uncertainty about whether a jet exists around Sgr A*, the similarities between it and M87 raise intriguing possibilities for further research on these cosmic mysteries. The collaboration of telescopes around the world, forming the EHT, played a pivotal role in these groundbreaking observations, highlighting the importance of international cooperation in advancing our understanding of the universe.

In summary, this new discovery by researchers at EHT sheds light on an important aspect of supermassive black holes: their magnetic fields’ organization and strength. This information can help us understand how they feed themselves and expel matter into space. Further research is needed to confirm some aspects of this discovery; however, it highlights how international cooperation is crucial for advancing our knowledge about these mysterious cosmic objects that continue to captivate scientists worldwide.

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